Springtails like moisture. They feed on funi, algae, mold, decaying vegetation. ... Springtails may be found in bath traps, around hot tubs, in humid crawl spaces, under mulched areas, under patio slabs, under logs, wood chips, and other areas that are prone to high moisture such as sink and shower drains. Springtails are commonly confused with fleas, for their size and jumping.
Common pests found around your home
arachnids, part of the order Parasitiformes
As temperatures get warmer, people will want to walk their pets longer and more often. This combined with the increased number of fleas and ticks is bad news for dogs. Flea season typically begins in early May and reaches its peak in late summer and early fall.
So why are fleas and ticks such a problem for pets?
Extreme discomfort causes excessive itching or scratching
If left untreated, bites may lead to health problems and illnesses such as typhus and Lyme disease
So what can you do to prevent flea and tick bites in the first place?
Simply avoid areas where fleas and ticks are likely to lurk – such as heavily wooded areas and high grass
Administer flea and tick control products onto your pet – contact your local veterinarian for specific products like Bravecto that target the fleas and ticks
Mow your grass and cut your bushes back – fleas and ticks are not immune from your lawn, keep your grass short to minimize the chances of infestation
Complete “tick checks” daily – a few fleas or ticks on your pet isn’t a major problem but can become a major problem once an infestation occurs. This preventative measure is very easy and doesn’t take much time out of your day.
Taking a preventive rather than reactive approach can amount to reduced stress and less money out of your pocket in the long-term. If you must take a reactive approach, be sure to check your pet often as fleas and ticks can be very difficult to completely remove once they have established themselves. By taking these few steps, you can enjoy outside time with your pet without having to worry about you and your pet’s health.
Credit: Doug Kahn
FALSE CHINCH BUG
False chinch bug, Nysius raphanus, populations are on the rise and on the move. Swarms of these bugs often alarm homeowners. The ground seems to move in one direction, as thousands of wingless nymphs and some winged adults walk to new food sources.
Although they can be annoying and overwhelming, these bugs do not bite or sting people. However, as their usual food source of weeds dries up, they move on to feeding on ornamental plants, vegetables and turf. They are particularly fond of beets and potatoes, and sometimes, corn. They can also be significant pests to members of the mustard family, such as cabbage, broccoli, kale, chard and cauliflower. In addition, they can kill young grapevines.
False chinch bug swarms usually last from a few days to two weeks. Occasionally, they may last as long as six weeks. The bugs generally migrate in the early morning or late evening, taking shelter in plant debris and soil during the heat of the day.
These are small bugs, averaging about one-eighth inch long. Adults are gray to reddish in color with white to transparent wings. Nymphs look like the adults, but are wingless and smaller with a reddish-brown abdomen. With their piercing-sucking mouth parts, false chinch bugs suck out plant juices, causing leaves to wilt and turn brown as though they were burned. Since there are so many attackers at one time, they may seriously damage and even kill some plants.
These prolific procreators lay their eggs in cracks in the ground or in rubble in the soil. There can be multiple generations in one year. Although all life stages may hibernate, most overwinter as nymphs. Coming out of hibernation, they seem to thrive and reproduce on weeds in the mustard family, such as tall white top, wild radish and mustard.
Credit: JoAnne Skelly
Box Elder Bugs
Boxelder bugs are nuisance pests. They do not sting or transmit disease, and are generally not known to bite, though there are rare reports of defensive biting. Boxelder bugs are not known to cause damage to homes or significant damage to plants. However, their feces can stain light colored surfaces. Smashing them can also release an unpleasant odor. They are often found in homes and on the sunny exterior sides of buildings. During the spring and summer, boxelder bugs feed and reproduce on female (seed-bearing) box elder trees. Occasionally, they may also feed on male box elder, maple, ash, and some fruit trees. This can sometimes result in minor deformities in fruits and leaves or yellow leaf discoloration. As winter approaches, boxelder bugs seek out shelter from the cold. They can fly up to two miles to find a suitable location in tree stumps, under debris, or within homes. There they remain mostly inactive until the early spring when temperatures begin to rise.
Cockroaches are among the most common of insects. Fossil evidence indicates that cockroaches have been on earth for over 300 million years. They are considered one of the most successful groups of animals. Because cockroaches are so adaptable, they have successfully adjusted to living with humans. About 3,500 species of cockroaches exist worldwide, with 55 species found in the United States. Only four species are common pests in Pennsylvania structures. These are the German, brown-banded, Oriental, and American cockroaches. A fifth species, the Pennsylvania wood cockroach is an occasional nuisance pest in some locations.
Why Black Widow Spider Venom Is So Potent. ... The most powerful neurotoxins present in black widow venom are called latrotoxins, which take their name from the group of widow spiders known as Latrodectus. The most toxic of these latrotoxins is alpha-latrotoxin that hijacks the victim's own nervous system. The venom of a black widow spider is 15 times more deadly than a rattlesnakes, far more people have died by rattlesnake bites, simply because of the much higher quantity of venom injected by the snake.
RED IMPORTED FIRE ANTS
Red imported fire ants get their common name from their ability to inflict painful bites and stings. These dark reddish-brown ants are an invasive species found throughout the southern part of the U.S.
Red imported fire ants can cause a burning sensation upon stinging. People are often stung by fire ants when they stumble upon a nest, just like this one.